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I have recently installed tensorflow (Windows CPU version) and received the following message:
Successfully installed tensorflow-1.4.0 tensorflow-tensorboard-0.4.0rc2
Then when I tried to run
import tensorflow as tf hello = tf.constant('Hello, TensorFlow!') sess = tf.Session() sess.run(hello) 'Hello, TensorFlow!' a = tf.constant(10) b = tf.constant(32) sess.run(a + b) 42 sess.close()
(which I found through https://github.com/tensorflow/tensorflow)
I received the following message:
2017-11-02 01:56:21.698935: I C:tf_jenkinshomeworkspacerel-winMwindowsPY36tensorflowcoreplatformcpu_feature_guard.cc:137] Your CPU supports instructions that this TensorFlow binary was not compiled to use: AVX AVX2
But when I ran
import tensorflow as tf hello = tf.constant('Hello, TensorFlow!') sess = tf.Session() print(sess.run(hello))
it ran as it should and output
Hello, TensorFlow!, which indicates that the installation was successful indeed but there is something else that is wrong.
Do you know what the problem is and how to fix it?
What is this warning about?
Modern CPUs provide a lot of low-level instructions, besides the usual arithmetic and logic, known as extensions, e.g. SSE2, SSE4, AVX, etc. From the Wikipedia:
Advanced Vector Extensions (AVX) are extensions to the x86 instruction
set architecture for microprocessors from Intel and AMD proposed by
Intel in March 2008 and first supported by Intel with the Sandy
Bridge processor shipping in Q1 2011 and later on by AMD with the
Bulldozer processor shipping in Q3 2011. AVX provides new features,
new instructions and a new coding scheme.
In particular, AVX introduces fused multiply-accumulate (FMA) operations, which speed up linear algebra computation, namely dot-product, matrix multiply, convolution, etc. Almost every machine-learning training involves a great deal of these operations, hence will be faster on a CPU that supports AVX and FMA (up to 300%). The warning states that your CPU does support AVX (hooray!).
I’d like to stress here: it’s all about CPU only.
Why isn’t it used then?
Because tensorflow default distribution is built without CPU extensions, such as SSE4.1, SSE4.2, AVX, AVX2, FMA, etc. The default builds (ones from
pip install tensorflow) are intended to be compatible with as many CPUs as possible. Another argument is that even with these extensions CPU is a lot slower than a GPU, and it’s expected for medium- and large-scale machine-learning training to be performed on a GPU.
What should you do?
If you have a GPU, you shouldn’t care about AVX support, because most expensive ops will be dispatched on a GPU device (unless explicitly set not to). In this case, you can simply ignore this warning by
# Just disables the warning, doesn't take advantage of AVX/FMA to run faster import os os.environ['TF_CPP_MIN_LOG_LEVEL'] = '2'
… or by setting
export TF_CPP_MIN_LOG_LEVEL=2 if you’re on Unix. Tensorflow is working fine anyway, but you won’t see these annoying warnings.
If you don’t have a GPU and want to utilize CPU as much as possible, you should build tensorflow from the source optimized for your CPU with AVX, AVX2, and FMA enabled if your CPU supports them. It’s been discussed in this question and also this GitHub issue. Tensorflow uses an ad-hoc build system called bazel and building it is not that trivial, but is certainly doable. After this, not only will the warning disappear, tensorflow performance should also improve.