What’s the simplest way to print a Java array?

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In Java, arrays don’t override toString(), so if you try to print one directly, you get the className + ‘@’ + the hex of the hashCode of the array, as defined by Object.toString():

int[] intArray = new int[] {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
System.out.println(intArray);     // prints something like '[[email protected]'

But usually, we’d actually want something more like [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]. What’s the simplest way of doing that? Here are some example inputs and outputs:

// Array of primitives:
int[] intArray = new int[] {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};
//output: [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

// Array of object references:
String[] strArray = new String[] {"John", "Mary", "Bob"};
//output: [John, Mary, Bob]

Solution

Since Java 5 you can use Arrays.toString(arr) or Arrays.deepToString(arr) for arrays within arrays. Note that the Object[] version calls .toString() on each object in the array. The output is even decorated in the exact way you’re asking.

Examples:

  • Simple Array:

    String[] array = new String[] {"John", "Mary", "Bob"};
    System.out.println(Arrays.toString(array));
    

    Output:

    [John, Mary, Bob]
    
  • Nested Array:

    String[][] deepArray = new String[][] {{"John", "Mary"}, {"Alice", "Bob"}};
    // Gives undesired output:
    System.out.println(Arrays.toString(deepArray));
    // Gives the desired output:
    System.out.println(Arrays.deepToString(deepArray));
    

    Output:

    [[Ljava.lang.String;@106d69c, [Ljava.lang.String;@52e922]
    [[John, Mary], [Alice, Bob]]
    
  • double Array:

    double[] doubleArray = { 7.0, 9.0, 5.0, 1.0, 3.0 };
    System.out.println(Arrays.toString(doubleArray));
    

    Output:

    [7.0, 9.0, 5.0, 1.0, 3.0 ]
    
  • int Array:

    int[] intArray = { 7, 9, 5, 1, 3 };
    System.out.println(Arrays.toString(intArray));
    

    Output:

    [7, 9, 5, 1, 3 ]
    

Source: StackOverflow.com

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