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Vue waiting for data from props before using

Asked By: Anonymous

I keep running into an issue where I am awaiting data from a prop to do something within it inside my created hook. It keeps throwing errors such as “this.value is not defined” (As it has not yet loaded from prop)

I have fixed some of these issues using v-if and only using as needed. However in some cases I wanted to use that prop info within my created and when that happens, I end up getting errors and am not sure how to best tell that part of the created to “wait” for the data before running.

Any advice?

Update to add some example code.

On the App.js page, I am calling in the “userInfo” and setting it in data like so. I am doing this for two reasons. First to check if user is logged in, and secondly taking the time to save the users info as it will be used later on throughout the app. (Please note, user and userInfo are different and contain different info. User is email/password whilst userInfo is username, bio, etc.)

data() {
  return {
    user: null,
    userInfo: null,
  }
},
created(){
//let user = firebase.auth().currentUser
  firebase.auth().onAuthStateChanged((user) => {
    if(user){
      this.user = user
      let ref = db.collection('users')
      .where('user_id', '==', this.user.uid)
      ref.get().then(snapshot => {
      snapshot.forEach(doc => {
        this.userInfo = doc.data()
      })
    })

    } else {
      this.user = null
    }
  })
},

Now, I pass this information down within the using v-bind. and then call it in areas I need some info using props.

The issue comes when I want to do something such as –

if(this.userInfo) {
  value = true  
}

Calling this.userInfo throws an error “this.userInfo is null” (I set it to null in the data() of the page as default).


Solution

Answered By: Anonymous

As already mentioned in the comments, you’re running into a Promise resolving issue. When passing a result as a Prop which gets resolved by a Promise, that result will basically be empty which eventually will lead to an error in your Child Components created() hook.

I would recommend using v-if as you’ve already done in the Child Component itself. However, I’d use the v-if in the Parent Component to simply show/hide the Child. That should not only resolve the problem within your created() hook, but also help building up a more readable markup in your Child Component where you could just remove all v-ifs.

So let’s assume you have a Parent/Child relationship like that.

<SomeParentComponent>
  <SomeChildComponent :someProp="yourProp" />
</SomeParentComponent>

When yourProp is set after a resolving Promise, the initial value will be null, undefined, or whatever you’ve set it to. To avoid passing in an empty prop you can just wrap the in a v-if which’s expression evaluates to yourProp just like so.

<SomeParentComponent>
  <SomeChildComponent :someProp="yourProp" v-if="yourProp" />
</SomeParentComponent>                           <!-- ^-- See here -->

Doing so, the Child will only be rendered when yourProp is set and therefore you won’t get any errors anymore.

techinplanet staff

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