React testing library how to use waitFor

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I’m following a tutorial on React testing. The tutorial has a simple component like this, to show how to test asynchronous actions:

import React from 'react'

const TestAsync = () => {
  const [counter, setCounter] = React.useState(0)

  const delayCount = () => (
    setTimeout(() => {
      setCounter(counter + 1)
    }, 500)
  )
  
  return (
    <>
      <h1 data-testid="counter">{ counter }</h1>
      <button data-testid="button-up" onClick={delayCount}> Up</button>
      <button data-testid="button-down" onClick={() => setCounter(counter - 1)}>Down</button>
    </>
  )
}
  
export default TestAsync

And the test file is like this:


import React from 'react';
import { render, cleanup, fireEvent, waitForElement } from '@testing-library/react';
import TestAsync from './TestAsync'

afterEach(cleanup);
  
it('increments counter after 0.5s', async () => {
  const { getByTestId, getByText } = render(<TestAsync />); 

  fireEvent.click(getByTestId('button-up'))

  const counter = await waitForElement(() => getByText('1')) 

  expect(counter).toHaveTextContent('1')
});

The terminal says waitForElement has been deprecated and to use waitFor instead.

How can I use waitFor in this test file?


Solution

If you’re waiting for appearance, you can use it like this:

it('increments counter after 0.5s', async() => {
  const { getByTestId, getByText } = render(<TestAsync />);

  fireEvent.click(getByTestId('button-up'));
  
  await waitFor(() => {
    expect(getByText('1')).toBeInTheDocument();
  });
});

Checking .toHaveTextContent('1') is a bit "weird" when you use getByText('1') to grab that element, so I replaced it with .toBeInTheDocument().

Source: StackOverflow.com

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