“No X11 DISPLAY variable” – what does it mean?

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I am trying to install a Java application on my Linux machine (Slackware).

I have received the following error, and I do not understand it.

Could you advise me how to approach the problem? Thank you.

Here is what I get: (I see that some X11 DISPLAY variable needs to be set, but what value should I give it and how?)

~$ java -jar gate-5.0-beta1-build3048-installer.jar
- ERROR -

java.awt.HeadlessException:
No X11 DISPLAY variable was set, but this program performed an operation which requires it.
java.awt.HeadlessException:
No X11 DISPLAY variable was set, but this program performed an operation which requires it.
at java.awt.GraphicsEnvironment.checkHeadless(Graphic sEnvironment.java:159)
at java.awt.Window.<init>(Window.java:407)
at java.awt.Frame.<init>(Frame.java:402)
at net.sourceforge.mlf.metouia.borders.MetouiaDotsBuf fer.<init>(MetouiaDotsBuffer.java:105)
at net.sourceforge.mlf.metouia.borders.MetouiaDots.<i nit>(MetouiaDots.java:66)
at net.sourceforge.mlf.metouia.borders.MetouiaToolBar Border.<init>(MetouiaToolBarBorder.java:49)
at net.sourceforge.mlf.metouia.MetouiaLookAndFeel.ini tComponentDefaults(MetouiaLookAndFeel.java:241)
at javax.swing.plaf.basic.BasicLookAndFeel.getDefault s(BasicLookAndFeel.java:130)
at javax.swing.plaf.metal.MetalLookAndFeel.getDefault s(MetalLookAndFeel.java:1591)
at javax.swing.UIManager.setLookAndFeel(UIManager.jav a:537)
at javax.swing.UIManager.setLookAndFeel(UIManager.jav a:581)
at com.izforge.izpack.installer.GUIInstaller.loadLook AndFeel(GUIInstaller.java:373)
at com.izforge.izpack.installer.GUIInstaller.<init>(G UIInstaller.java:116)
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInsta nce0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.newInsta nce(NativeConstructorAccessorImpl.java:39)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.newI nstance(DelegatingConstructorAccessorImpl.java:27)
at java.lang.reflect.Constructor.newInstance(Construc tor.java:513)
at java.lang.Class.newInstance0(Class.java:355)
at java.lang.Class.newInstance(Class.java:30
at com.izforge.izpack.installer.Installer.main(Instal ler.java:62)

Solution

If you’re on the main display, then

export DISPLAY=:0.0

or if you’re using csh or tcsh

setenv DISPLAY :0.0

before running your app.

Actually, I’m surprised it isn’t set automatically. Are you trying to start this application from a non-graphic terminal? If not, have you modified the default .profile, .login, .bashrc or .cshrc?

Note that setting the DISPLAY to :0.0 pre-supposes that you’re sitting at the main display, as I said, or at least that the main display is logged on to your user id. If it’s not logged on, or it’s a different userid, this will fail.

If you’re coming in from another machine, and you’re at the main display of that machine and it’s running X, then you can use “ssh -X hostname” to connect to that host, and ssh will forward the X display back. ssh will also make sure that the DISPLAY environment variable is set correctly (providing it isn’t being messed with in the various dot files I mentioned above). In a “ssh -X” session, the DISPLAY environment variable will have a value like “localhost:11.0”, which will point to the socket that ssh is tunnelling to your local box.

Source: StackOverflow.com

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