My current location always returns null. How can I fix this?

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I am trying to find my current location for an android project. When the application is loaded my current location is always null. I have set up the permissions in the manifest etc. When I find the current location I intend to use the coordinates to find distances to other locations on the map. My code snippet is below. Why do I always get a null value?

locMan = (LocationManager) getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);          
Criteria crit = new Criteria();     
towers = locMan.getBestProvider(crit, false);
location = locMan.getLastKnownLocation(towers);    

if (location != null) {                 
    System.out.println("Location is not null!");
    lat = (int) (location.getLatitude() *1E6);
    longi = (int) (location.getLongitude() * 1E6);
    GeoPoint ourLocation = new GeoPoint(lati, longi);
    OverlayItem overlayItem = new OverlayItem(ourLocation, "1st String",
                                                            "2nd String");
    CustomPinpoint custom = new CustomPinpoint(d, MainMap.this);
    custom.insertPinpoint(overlayItem);
    overlayList.add(custom);
    overlayList.clear();
} else {
   System.out.println("Location is null! " + towers);
   Toast.makeText(MainMap.this, "Couldn't get provider",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT)
                                                                    .show();
}

Solution

getLastKnownLocation() uses the location(s) previously found by other applications. if no application has done this, then getLastKnownLocation() will return null.

One thing you can do to your code to have a better chance at getting as last known location- iterate over all of the enabled providers, not just the best provider. For example,

private Location getLastKnownLocation() {
    List<String> providers = mLocationManager.getProviders(true);
    Location bestLocation = null;
    for (String provider : providers) {
        Location l = mLocationManager.getLastKnownLocation(provider);
        ALog.d("last known location, provider: %s, location: %s", provider,
                l);

        if (l == null) {
            continue;
        }
        if (bestLocation == null
                || l.getAccuracy() < bestLocation.getAccuracy()) {
            ALog.d("found best last known location: %s", l);
            bestLocation = l;
        }
    }
    if (bestLocation == null) {
        return null;
    }
    return bestLocation;
}

If your app can’t deal without having a location, and if there’s no last known location, you will need to listen for location updates. You can take a look at this class for an example,

https://github.com/farble1670/autobright/blob/master/src/org/jtb/autobright/EventService.java

See the method onStartCommand(), where it checks if the network provider is enabled. If not, it uses last known location. If it is enabled, it registers to receive location updates.

Source: StackOverflow.com

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