Keras AttributeError: ‘Sequential’ object has no attribute ‘predict_classes’

Im attempting to find model performance metrics (F1 score, accuracy, recall) following this guide https://machinelearningmastery.com/how-to-calculate-precision-recall-f1-and-more-for-deep-learning-models/

This exact code was working a few months ago but now returning all sorts of errors, very confusing since i havent changed one character of this code. Maybe a package update has changed things?

I fit the sequential model with model.fit, then used model.evaluate to find test accuracy. Now i am attempting to use model.predict_classes to make class predictions (model is a multi-class classifier). Code shown below:

model = Sequential()
model.add(Dense(24, input_dim=13, activation='relu'))
model.add(Dense(18, activation='relu'))
model.add(Dense(6, activation='softmax'))
model.compile(loss='categorical_crossentropy', optimizer='adam', metrics=['accuracy'])

-

history = model.fit(X_train, y_train, batch_size = 256, epochs = 10, verbose = 2, validation_split = 0.2)

-

score, acc = model.evaluate(X_test, y_test,verbose=2, batch_size= 256)
print('test accuracy:', acc)

-

yhat_classes = model.predict_classes(X_test)
 

last line returns error "AttributeError: ‘Sequential’ object has no attribute ‘predict_classes’"

This exact code was working not long ago so struggling a bit, thanks for any help


Solution

This function were removed in TensorFlow version 2.6.
According to the keras in rstudio reference

update to

predict_x=model.predict(X_test) 
classes_x=np.argmax(predict_x,axis=1)

Or use TensorFlow 2.5 or later.

If you are using TensorFlow version 2.5, you will receive the following warning:

tensorflowpythonkerasenginesequential.py:455: UserWarning: model.predict_classes() is deprecated and will be removed after 2021-01-01. Please use instead:* np.argmax(model.predict(x), axis=-1), if your model does multi-class classification (e.g. if it uses a softmax last-layer activation).* (model.predict(x) > 0.5).astype("int32"), if your model does binary classification (e.g. if it uses a sigmoid last-layer activation).

Source: StackOverflow.com

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