Installing pip is not working in python < 3.6

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I am starting to make a app using bitbucket CI and i am using the following steps to deploy the application and the steps to install pip is failing.

 script:
    - apt-get update
    - apt-get install -y python-dev
    - curl -O https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py
    - python get-pip.py
    ... and a few more steps

Dont know why but python get-pip.py step fails with the following error.

Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "get-pip.py", line 24226, in <module>
    main()
  File "get-pip.py", line 199, in main
    bootstrap(tmpdir=tmpdir)
  File "get-pip.py", line 82, in bootstrap
    from pip._internal.cli.main import main as pip_entry_point
  File "/tmp/tmpUgc5ng/pip.zip/pip/_internal/cli/main.py", line 60
    sys.stderr.write(f"ERROR: {exc}")
                                   ^

SyntaxError: invalid syntax

This worked fine upto yesterday. Not sure why this is not working now.

I thought it may be because of windows but i checked in my local machine running linux but these steps but they worked fine.


Solution

pip 21.0 dropped support for Python 2 and 3.5. The later versions require Python 3.6+. The syntax f"" is supported by Python 3.6+.

To install pip for Python 2.7 install it from https://bootstrap.pypa.io/pip/2.7/ :

- curl -O https://bootstrap.pypa.io/pip/2.7/get-pip.py
- python get-pip.py
- python -m pip install --upgrade "pip < 21.0"

The last command is to upgrade to the latest supported version.

Source: StackOverflow.com

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