How do I resolve git saying “Commit your changes or stash them before you can merge”?

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I made some updates on my local machine, pushed them to a remote repository, and now I’m trying to pull the changes to the server and I get the message;

error: Your local changes to the following files would be overwritten by merge:
wp-content/w3tc-config/master.php
Please, commit your changes or stash them before you can merge.

So I ran,

git checkout -- wp-content/w3tc-config/master.php

and tried again and I get the same message. I’m assuming that w3tc changed something in the config file on the server. I don’t care whether the local copy or remote copy goes on the server (I suppose the remote one is best), I just want to be able to merge the rest of my changes (plugin updates).

Any ideas?


Solution

You can’t merge with local modifications. Git protects you from losing potentially important changes.

You have three options:

  • Commit the change using

    git commit -m "My message"
    
  • Stash it.

    Stashing acts as a stack, where you can push changes, and you pop them in reverse order.

    To stash, type

    git stash
    

    Do the merge, and then pull the stash:

    git stash pop
    
  • Discard the local changes

    using git reset --hard
    or git checkout -t -f remote/branch

    Or: Discard local changes for a specific file

    using git checkout filename

Source: StackOverflow.com

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