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Class based vue component property definition: constructor vs. getter / setter vs. mounted lifecycle

Asked By: Anonymous

I’m just wondering which way is the most reliable to define properties, which should generate an output in the template.

Define property in constructor:

Template reference:

<h1>{{msg}}</h1>

Property definition:

<script lang="ts">
  import { Component, Vue } from "vue-property-decorator";
  @Component
  export default class Test extends Vue {
    protected msg: string;
    public constructor() {
      super();
      this.msg = 'Today's date ' + moment().format('YYYY/MM/DD');
    }
  }
</script>

Output in Browser:

<h1>Today's date 2019/03/07</h1>

Define property in mounted lifecycle:

Template reference:

<h1>{{msg}}</h1>

Property definition:

export default class Test extends Vue {
  protected msg: string = '';
  mounted() {
    this.msg = 'Today's date ' + moment().format('YYYY/MM/DD');
  }
}

Output in Browser:

<h1>Today's date 2019/03/07</h1>

Define property by get and set, set value in constructor:

Template reference:

<h1>{{msgText}}</h1>

Property definition:

export default class Test extends Vue {
  protected msg: string = '';
  public constructor() {
    super();
    this.msgText = 'Today's date ' + moment().format('YYYY/MM/DD');
  }
  get msgText(): string {
    return this.msg;
  }
  set msgText(msg:string) {
    this.msg = msg;
  }
}

Output in Browser:

<h1>Today's date 2019/03/07</h1>

Questions:

  • All three ways results in the same output. Is there a golden rule / best practice, how properties should be defined and in which lifecycle?
  • Is there a difference, if properties are defined in constructor or in mounted lifecycle?

Solution

Answered By: Anonymous

The second approach of using mounted is preferred over the rest of the approaches. The only change I would suggest is the use of created hook instead of mounted:

export default class Test extends Vue {
  protected msg: string = '';

  created() {
    this.msg = 'Today's date ' + moment().format('YYYY/MM/DD');
  }
}

Generally, for simple properties, you can directly assign a value at a time of declaration. Use created when your assignment is not simple.

Also, we don’t really use constructors when writing the class-based component. The reason behind is that essentially Vue.js components are object-based. The @Component decorator is eventually making the component behave like object-based.

Further, if you look at Vue.js component lifecycle methods, then there is no place for a constructor. The initial methods are beforeCreate -> data -> created -> mounted and so on. How can a beforeCreate execute without an actual call to the constructor? That make is really weird to reason about.

Note 1: For version 3 of Vue.js, official class-based components are
proposed. Thus, this might change in the near future.

Note 2: TypeScript will move msg declaration to the constructor after compilation and Vue.js seems to work well with it. But it is still unspecified and better be avoided.

techinplanet staff

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