Can’t create handler inside thread that has not called Looper.prepare()


What does the following exception mean; how can I fix it?

This is the code:

Toast toast = Toast.makeText(mContext, "Something", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT);

This is the exception:

java.lang.RuntimeException: Can't create handler inside thread that has not called Looper.prepare()
     at android.os.Handler.<init>(
     at android.widget.Toast.<init>(
     at android.widget.Toast.makeText(


You’re calling it from a worker thread. You need to call Toast.makeText() (and most other functions dealing with the UI) from within the main thread. You could use a handler, for example.

Look up Communicating with the UI Thread in the documentation. In a nutshell:

// Set this up in the UI thread.

mHandler = new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper()) {
    public void handleMessage(Message message) {
        // This is where you do your work in the UI thread.
        // Your worker tells you in the message what to do.

void workerThread() {
    // And this is how you call it from the worker thread:
    Message message = mHandler.obtainMessage(command, parameter);

Other options:

You could use Activity.runOnUiThread(). Straightforward if you have an Activity:

void workerThread() {
    myActivity.runOnUiThread(() -> {
        // This is where your UI code goes.

You could also post to the main looper. This works great if all you have is a Context.

void workerThread() {
    ContextCompat.getMainExecutor(context).execute(()  -> {
        // This is where your UI code goes.


You could use an AsyncTask, that works well for most things running in the background. It has hooks that you can call to indicate the progress, and when it’s done.

It’s convenient, but can leak contexts if not used correctly. It’s been officially deprecated, and you shouldn’t use it anymore.


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