Can’t compare naive and aware datetime.now()

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I am trying to compare the current date and time with dates and times specified in models using comparison operators:

if challenge.datetime_start <= datetime.now() <= challenge.datetime_end:

The script errors out with:

TypeError: can't compare offset-naive and offset-aware datetimes

The models look like this:

class Fundraising_Challenge(models.Model):
    name = models.CharField(max_length=100)
    datetime_start = models.DateTimeField()
    datetime_end = models.DateTimeField()

I also have django using locale date and times.

What I haven’t been able to find is the format django uses for DateTimeField(). Is it naive or aware? And how do I get datetime.now() to recognize locale datetime?


Solution

By default, the datetime object is naive in Python, so you need to make both of them either naive or aware datetime objects. This can be done using:

import datetime
import pytz

utc=pytz.UTC

challenge.datetime_start = utc.localize(challenge.datetime_start) 
challenge.datetime_end = utc.localize(challenge.datetime_end) 
# now both the datetime objects are aware, and you can compare them

Note: This would raise a ValueError if tzinfo is already set. If you are not sure about that, just use

start_time = challenge.datetime_start.replace(tzinfo=utc)
end_time = challenge.datetime_end.replace(tzinfo=utc)

BTW, you could format a UNIX timestamp in datetime.datetime object with timezone info as following

d = datetime.datetime.utcfromtimestamp(int(unix_timestamp))
d_with_tz = datetime.datetime(
    year=d.year,
    month=d.month,
    day=d.day,
    hour=d.hour,
    minute=d.minute,
    second=d.second,
    tzinfo=pytz.UTC)

Source: StackOverflow.com

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