ASP.NET Core 6 how to access Configuration during startup

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In earlier versions, we had Startup.cs class and we get configuration object as follows in the Startup file.

public class Startup 
{
    private readonly IHostEnvironment environment;
    private readonly IConfiguration config;

    public Startup(IConfiguration configuration, IHostEnvironment environment) 
    {
        this.config = configuration;
        this.environment = environment;
    }

    public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services) 
    {
        // Add Services
    }

    public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IWebHostEnvironment env) 
    {
        // Add Middlewares
    }

}

Now in .NET 6 (With Visual Studio 2022), we don’t see the Startup.cs class. Looks like its days are numbered. So how do we get these objects like Configuration(IConfiguration) and Hosting Environment(IHostEnvironment)

How do we get these objects, to say read the configuration from appsettings? Currently the Program.cs file looks like this.

using Festify.Database;
using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);

// Add services to the container.
builder.Services.AddRazorPages();

builder.Services.AddDbContext<FestifyContext>();


////////////////////////////////////////////////
// The following is Giving me error as Configuration 
// object is not avaible, I dont know how to inject this here.
////////////////////////////////////////////////


builder.Services.AddDbContext<FestifyContext>(opt =>
        opt.UseSqlServer(
            Configuration.GetConnectionString("Festify")));


var app = builder.Build();

// Configure the HTTP request pipeline.
if (!app.Environment.IsDevelopment())
{
    app.UseExceptionHandler("/Error");
    // The default HSTS value is 30 days. You may want to change this for production scenarios, see https://aka.ms/aspnetcore-hsts.
    app.UseHsts();
}

app.UseHttpsRedirection();
app.UseStaticFiles();

app.UseRouting();

app.UseAuthorization();

app.MapRazorPages();

app.Run();

I want to know how to read the configuration from appsettings.json ?


Solution

WebApplicationBuilder returned by WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args) exposes Configuration and Environment properties:

var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);

// Add services to the container.
...
ConfigurationManager configuration = builder.Configuration; // allows both to access and to set up the config
IWebHostEnvironment environment = builder.Environment;

WebApplication returned by WebApplicationBuilder.Build() also exposes Configuration and Environment:

var app = builder.Build();
IConfiguration configuration = app.Configuration;
IWebHostEnvironment environment = app.Environment;

Also check the migration guide and code samples.

Source: StackOverflow.com

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