Accessing the index in ‘for’ loops

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How do I access the index while iterating over a sequence with a for loop?

xs = [8, 23, 45]

for x in xs:
    print("item #{} = {}".format(index, x))

Desired output:

item #1 = 8
item #2 = 23
item #3 = 45

Solution

Use the built-in function enumerate():

for idx, x in enumerate(xs):
    print(idx, x)

It is non-pythonic to manually index via for i in range(len(xs)): x = xs[i] or manually manage an additional state variable.

Check out PEP 279 for more.

Source: StackOverflow.com

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